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A Journal on Psychiatry, Psychology and Psychopharmacology
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Social Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, e-psyche, PsycINFO, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Psichiatrica 2000 March;41(1):1
Interpretation in psychoanalytic psychotherapies. A pilot study for an operative definition
Mangini E., Rizzo V., Onofri F.
Background. Authors are interested in the formulation of an operative definition of the concept of interpretation in regard to psychoanalytic psychotherapies. The word operative means a definition which could be useful in the empyrical verification of psychotherapeutic process; moreover, this definition should be accepted across different theoretical orientations.
Methods. To this purpose, a supervision group examined some sittings of brief psycoanalytic psychotherapies which were audiorecorded and verbatim transcribed and then they formulate some definitions for to three different types of interpretation: A) Simple interpretation; B) Transference interpretation; C) Transfe-rence interpretation based on separation. Successively, 25 extracts were selected from the verbatim transcriptions; then 16 judges with a low clinical experience were required to read the extracts and to single out and distinguish the interpretations referring to the above-mentioned definitions. Finally, agreement between judges was calculated using a statistical measure named Kappa Statistic.
Results. Data showed a significant agreement between judges. Moreover, it appeared that judges recognized easier interventions which most reflected definitions in language and content. Finally, it appeared that judges could not equally recognize the three types of interpretation.
Conclusions. The conclusion is drawn that judges, while they were not experienced, were able to recognize and distinguish interpretations through definitions.