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A Journal on Psychiatry, Psychology and Psychopharmacology
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Social Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, e-psyche, PsycINFO, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Psichiatrica 1999 September;40(3):159-62
Evaluation of anxiety indicator of psychic suffering in life threatening illness
Nigro G., Martino C., Angelini G.
Background. Anxiety is the more common psychiatric symptom in internal medicine. This work is to evaluate if anxiety, comparing four groups of patients, is a valid indicator of psychic suffering.
Methods. The State and Trait Anxiety Inventory form X 1-2 (STAIX 1-2) and Quality of Life Index of Spitzer (QLI) have been used. During the activity of liaison psychiatry, 175 patients have been examined: 51 awaiting lung transplantation, 28 with skin cancer (TNM 3-4), 18 with oral cancer, 74 with IBD as control. These four classes show different features of illness varying from emergency to chronicity.
Results and conclusions. Only the level of state anxiety is directly correlated with level of quality of life and is reliable indicator of psychic suffering (p<0.001).