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A Journal on Diseases of the Respiratory System
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Thoracic Endoscopy
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Pneumologica 2010 September;49(3):205-9
Chlamydophilia pneumoniae pulmonary infection in patients with thyroid dysplasia: Considerations for use of PET/CT
Pontillo A., Del Giudice G., Pedicelli I., La Cerra G., D’ Antò R., Luciani E., Corcione N., Turino C., Iadevaia C., Bianco A., Marzo C.
1 Dipartimento di Scienze Cardio-Toraciche e Respiratorie, Seconda Università di Napoli, Napoli, Italia
2 Dipartimento di Scienze per la Salute,, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia Campobasso , Università degli Studi del Molise
3 Seconda Università di Napoli, Medicina e Chirurgia, Napoli, Italia
An unusual presentation of Chlamydophilia Pneumoniae respiratory infection mimicking pulmonary malignancy is reported. Three areas of pulmonary consolidations were identified on PET/CT, during screening for suspected thyroid cancer. Diagnosis of infection was carried out by detection of serum antibodies for C. Pneumoniae and complete resolution of the areas of pulmonary consolidation was obtained after specific antibiotic therapy. This case suggests that positive PET is not an absolute indicator for malignancy and C. Pneumoniae respiratory infections can potentially exhibit positive uptake on PET.