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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Thoracic Endoscopy
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Online ISSN 1827-1723
Akiyama K., Takazawa A., Hirota J., Yamagishi H., Akazawa T.
We present an unusual case of a ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysm into the right pleural cavity of a patient with pectus carinatum. The presence of pectus carinatum played an important role in the development of the aneurysm at the atypical site and the rupture into the right pleural cavity. A small amount of right pleural bleeding on admission can increase and develop to massive hemothorax until emergency operation, Massive bleeding in the right pleural cavity where the dependent lung is located causes atelectasis and increased shunt fraction under one lung ventilation. Therefore, continuous drainage of the right pleural cavity is essential to prevent serious hypoxia during graft replacement in a case of ruptured descending thoracic aneurysm inthe the right henithorax.