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CURRENT ISSUEMINERVA PEDIATRICA

A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 0026-4946

Online ISSN 1827-1715

 

Minerva Pediatrica 2016 Nov 10

Fetal surgery for myelomeningocele: a review of current clinical practice and translational research

Sandra K. KABAGAMBE, Yue J. CHEN, Diana L. FARMER

Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis Health System, Sacramento, CA, USA

INTRODUCTION: The Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) showed that prenatal repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) resulted in better neurological outcomes than postnatal closure but was, by necessity, associated with higher rates of obstetrical complications. Fetoscopic MMC repair has been explored as an alternative to reduce complications of the open approach used in MOMS. This review summarizes the trends in fetoscopic and open fetal repair of MMC.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched PubMed and EmbaseĀ® for studies on fetal repair of MMC published since the completion of the MOMS trial.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Fetoscopic MMC repair was temporarily halted in the United States (US) prior to the initiation of the MOMS trial. The German Center for Fetal Surgery has reported the largest series of fetoscopic MMC repair. The second largest series is the Brazilian Cirurgia Endoscopica para Correcao Antenatal da Meningomielocele (CECAM) trial. Both groups demonstrate the feasibility of minimally invasive fetal MMC repair, but also report high rates of premature rupture of membranes, preterm births, and persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage that requires postnatal revision of the MMC repair. In addition, these groups have yet to report long term cognitive, behavioral, and functional outcomes of fetoscopic MMC repair.
CONCLUSIONS: The fetoscopic approach to fetal MMC repair is a promising alternative to the open approach if preterm birth and persistent CSF leakage can be overcome.

language: English


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