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Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
Online ISSN 1827-1715
Gang LIU, Qiuli ZHANG, Wei WANG
Department of Neonatology, Xuzhou Chlidren’s Hospital, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, P.R. China
Preterm infants (< 32 weeks), who are unable to breastfeed, are fed with expressed maternal milk via a nasogastric tube. Mothers of these infants often experience difficulties in establishing and maintaining lactation. The majority of women excrete cytomegalovirus (CMV) in their breast milk. CMV transmitted through maternal milk could cause symptomatic infection in preterm infants presenting as a sepsis like syndrome, pneumonitis, hepatopathy or enterocolitis. Routine freezing of maternal milk decreases the CMV load in breast milk and is used in some neonatal centers to reduce CMV transmission to preterm infants. The present review article will put light on the existing routine procedures pertaining to breast milk use for preterm infants and will discuss current views of associated cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in preterm infants including diagnostics as well as therapeutic strategies.