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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
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Minerva Pediatrica 2016 Apr 14


Association among nocturnal enuresis, body weight and obstructive sleep apnea in children of south Italy: an observational study

Pietro FERRARA 1, 2, Giovanna C. FABRIZIO 1, Daniele FRANCO 3, Giulia SPINA 2, Francesca IANNIELLO 1, Annamaria SBORDONE 2, Ottavio VITELLI 2, Fabio QUINTARELLI 2, Alberto VERROTTI 4, Giuseppe SAGGESE 5

1 Institute of Pediatrics, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy; 2 Service of Pediatrics Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy; 3 Food Sciences and Human Nutrition Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy; 4 Department of Pediatrics, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 5 Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrine Unit, University, Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy


BACKGROUND: To evaluate the rate of nocturnal enuresis (NE), body weight and obstructive sleep apnea in children 5 to 10 years of age in South Italy and the possible association among these disorders.
METHODS: We have administered 1.100 validated questionnaires, in Italian language, to parents and we have analyzed data with a logistic regression.
RESULTS: Forty-two percent of children had a BMI ≥ 85th (group 1) vs 58.0% normal weight children at the same age (group 2). There is a higher number of overweight males compared to females without statistically differences. In group 1 there were a higher number of children with NE and obstructive sleep disorders and exists in some children the association among these three disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: There are no statistically differences between two study groups for the association body weight-NE, body weight-NE-obstructive sleep disorders.

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