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Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
Online ISSN 1827-1715
Longhini F. 1, Scarlino S. 2, Gallina M. R. 2, Monzani A. 2, 3, De Franco S. 2, Grassino E. C. 2, Bona G. 3, Ferrero F. 2
1 Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Sant’Andrea Hospital, ASL VC, Vercelli, Italy;
2 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, “Maggiore Della Carità” Hospital, Novara, Italy;
3 Division of Paediatrics, Department of Health Sciences, Eastern Piedmont University “A. Avogadro”, Novara, Italy
AIM: To compare invasive (iNAVA) and non-invasive (nivNAVA) neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in infants, respect to gas exchange, breathing pattern, respiratory drive, infant- ventilator interaction and synchrony, vital parameters and required sedation.
METHODS: 10 consecutive intubated term infants admitted for respiratory failure of different etiology underwent to 2-hour not-randomized trials of iNAVA and, after extubation, nivNAVA, the latter with unchanged ventilator settings and with air-leaks compensating software. Arterialized capillary blood was sampled at the end of each trial. We computed: 1) the minimum (EAdimin) and peak (EAdipeak) values of the diaphragm electrical activity; 2) ventilator (RRmec) and own patients' (RRneu) respiratory rates; 3) inspiratory (delayTR-insp) and expiratory trigger delays (delayTR-exp) and the time of synchrony between patient's effort and ventilator assistance (Timesynch/Tineu); 4) the asynchrony index. Vital parameters and required sedation were also recorded.
RESULTS: iNAVA and nivNAVA did not differ between in terms of gas exchange (pH (7.35 [7.31-7.41] vs. 7.36 [7.30-7.40], p=0.745), PcCO2 (38.4 [34.8-42.6] vs. 36.9 [33.9-41.6] mmHg, p=0.469) and PcO2/FiO2 (211 [168-323] vs. 214 [189-282], p=0.195), respectively). EAdimin, EAdipeak, RRmec and RRneu were similar before and after extubation. Both modes confirmed an optimal infant-ventilator interaction (i.e. delayTR-insp, delayTR-exp and Timesynch/Tineu), irrespective of the interface, and no patients showed clinical relevant asynchronies. A low requirement of sedation with fentanyl was recorded during both trials, without differences between.
CONCLUSION: We found iNAVA and nivNAVA to be characterized by similar gas exchange, breathing pattern, respiratory drive, infant-ventilator interaction and synchrony, vital parameters and required sedation.