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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
Minerva Pediatrica 2015 Sep 10
Swallowing dysfunction: as a factor that should be remembered in recurrent pneumonia: videofluoroscopic swallow study
Kaymaz N. 1, Özçelik U. 2, Demir N. 3, Cinel G. 2, Yalçın E. 2, Ersöz D. D. 2, Kiper N. 2 ✉
1 Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Çanakkale;
2 Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Pulmology Unit, Ankara;
3 Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical medicine and rehabilitation, Ankara
AIM: The swallow function is one of the strong defense mechanism against aspiration.
Aspiration and pneumonia are unavoidable in patients with defective mechanism of swallowing. The aim of this study is to evaluate patients with recurrent pneumonia in terms of videofluoroscopic examination results.
METHODS: The study comprised fifty pediatric cases (22 boys, 28 girls) with an average age of 2.9 years (2 months-7.5 years) who were referred to our clinic due to suffering from recurrent pneumonia. The videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) was performed on all patients. The presence of a correlation with pneumonia was investigated.
RESULTS: In 45 of the children, VFSS results were not normal. Of the children, 41 had mental- motor retardation. The results of the videofluoroscopic study show that silent aspiration was the most common pathology in participants with the percentage of 40 (27.5% mild, 17.5% severe). Patients in the study had pneumonia with an incidence of 2.6 illnesses per year. Having one than more results on VFSS was found to be associated with more number of annual pneumonia episodes.
CONCLUSION: Children with neurological impairments are at risk of recurrent acute pneumonia due to aspiration. Disturbances of swallowing phases should be remembered as a cause of pneumonia in these patients.