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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
Minerva Pediatrica 2014 June;66(3):201-7
Screening of obesity, overweight and thinness in a children population in Rome, Italy
Rosati P. 1, Triunfo S. 1, Zucchetti F. 2, Gorca C. 3, Chini R. 1, Campana R. 4 ✉
1 Dipartimento di Ostetricia e Ginecologia, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italia;
2 Dipartimento di Chirurgia, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italia;
3 Specialista Privato, Roma, Italia;
4 Servizio per la Salute e l’Alimentazione, SIAN, Roma, Italia
AIM: Objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of obesity, overweight and thinness in a children population in Rome, Italy.
METHODS: The study sample was created, after informed consent, in a school in Rome, available to the study project. A total of 595 children (289 males, 306 females), aged between 6 to 19 years, underwent following measurements: height and weight, evaluation of body mass index.
RESULTS: A normal BMI was recorded in 73.6% of cases. Morbid obesity, obesity, overweight, and thinness grade 1 and 2 prevalence was 1.2%, 4%, 15.3%, 9.2% and 3.8%, respectively, without statistical differences in both genders, except the prevalence of overweight that resulted statistically significant (11.4% females vs. 19.3% males, P<0.05). Differences in the age groups have been found. About 17.2% and 18.7% of children between 7 to 11 years were overweight and obese and about 33.3% and 26.6% between 6 to 8 years thin grade 1 and 2, respectively.
CONCLUSION: The study suggests a prevalence of overweight and obesity in our sample lower than that reported in a recent epidemiological survey carried out on Italy. Attention must be taken to underweight, particularly with regard to the most severe form, as a public health problem for all possible risks correlated. In addition, our study shows the involvement of specific age groups. This finding, if confirmed in a larger population, should be associated with a major attention on specific age groups at risk, in order to plan an appropriate treatment program.