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Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
Online ISSN 1827-1715
Coppi S. 1, Iacoponi F. 2, Fommei C. 1, Strambi M. 1
1 Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy;
2 Applied Biology Section, Department of Biomedical Science, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the differences in the growth trend of male infants fed with human milk (HM), formula feeding (FF) and both (HM+FF), focusing the attention on weight increase in the first six months of life.
Methods: We enrolled 146 healthy male infants born from a spontaneous delivery; exclusion criteria were all conditions that required parenteral nutrition; the follow-up visits were at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 months of life. All infants were subsequently divided into three groups depending on the three feeding type (HM, FF, HM+FF) and then in other three subgroups depending on birth weight and gestational age (A, B, C).
Results: The three feeding type groups appeared homogeneous for gestational age and birth weight at every time of follow-up. The weight differences between subgroup A, B, C were not statistically significant, showing a regular growth trends.
Conclusion: It is possible to assess the nutritional balance and the adequacy in composition of formula. This suggests that, in our population, the possible factors that could influence the rapid weight gain, characterized by a peak in the growth trend profile, do not concern the nutrition during the first six months of life but at most the weaning.