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MINERVA PEDIATRICA

A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
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  PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY


Minerva Pediatrica 2012 October;64(5):471-92

Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Diagnosis and management of heart failure in the fetus

Davey B., Szwast A., Rychik J.

Cardiac Center at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA


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Heart failure can be defined as the inability of the heart to sufficiently support the circulation. In the fetus, heart failure can be caused by a myriad of factors that include fetal shunting abnormalities, genetic cardiomyopathies, extracardiac malformations, arrhythmias and structural congenital heart disease. With advances in ultrasound has come the ability to characterize many complex conditions, previously poorly understood. Fetal echocardiography provides the tools necessary to evaluate and understand the various physiologies that contribute to heart failure in the fetus. In this review, we will explore the different mechanisms of heart failure in this unique patient population and highlight the role of fetal echocardiography in the current management of these conditions.

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Rychik@email.chop.edu