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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
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Minerva Pediatrica 2012 April;64(2):159-69

language: English

Chronic hemodialysis in pediatric patients: technical and practical aspects of use

Harshman L. A., Neuberger M. L., Brophy P. D.

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, University of Iowa Children’s Hospital, University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a continuum of progressive reduction in kidney function lasting for more than three months, due to either structural and/or functional renal abnormalities that may lead to irreversible kidney damage. The term “renal supportive therapy” (RST) generally characterizes the spectrum of dialysis therapies available to support existing renal function in patients with CKD during progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and/or renal transplantation. Chronic RST modalities include conventional hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and home hemodialysis therapies. The modality chosen to deliver RST in the pediatric patient is often guided by a variety of factors including institutional resources, local expertise, patient characteristics, treatment goals, and physician preference. Chronic RST in a pediatric population requires the flexible utilization of multiple delivery modalities for effective care across infancy into adulthood and is not typically initiated until GFR declines to between 15-30 mL/min per 1.73 m2, although thresholds for initiation of RST will vary between patients. This review will provide an overview of current approaches to management and technical approaches to pediatric patients requiring chronic hemodialysis.

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