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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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Minerva Pediatrica 2010 October;62(5):425-30

language: Italian

A pilot study on adolescents of both sexes. Correlation between phenotype, athletic performances and family history to type 2 diabetes

Pomara F. 1, Grosso F. 2, Basile D. 3, Polizzi V. 3, Marcianò C. 3, Adamo V. 2, De Vita A. 2, Petrucci M. 3

1 Medeor Poliambulatorio, Palermo, Italia;
2 Federazione Medico Sportiva Italiana – A.M.S. Trapani “Girolamo Mercuriale”, Trapani, Italia;
3 Centro Studi e Ricerche del Centro Universitario Sportivo, Palermo, Italia


The authors have studied the influence of family history of type 2 diabetes on the physical phenotype of 47 health adolescents. In both sexes groups with positive family history (FH+) had the highest values of stature and body weight (P<0.05 for males, not significant for females), waist circumference (P<0.05 for males, not significant for females), and wrist circumference (P=0.05 for males, not significant for females). Considering athletic performance, FH+ males showed a significant higher performance in power exercises than FH- males; no significant differences were found between FH+ and FH- female groups. The study confirms that family history of type 2 diabetes can induce in both sexes precocious phenotype and athletic performances linked-related variations; larger studies are necessary to confirm these data and to verify preventive interventions promoting significant life-style changes.

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