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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
PEDIATRIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE
Minerva Pediatrica 2009 April;61(2):175-84
Hypertensive emergencies in children: identification and management of dangerously high blood pressure
Constantine E., Merritt C.
Departments of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Rhode Island Hospital Hasbro Children’s Hospital Providence Rhode Island, USA
The prevalence of hypertension in the pediatric population is rising, coincident with the rise in childhood obesity worldwide. While most hypertensive children do not require emergent care, hypertensive urgencies and emergencies may be encountered in the outpatient clinic, the emergency department or the inpatient ward. To avoid the life-threatening complications associated with both hypertension and its treatment, the treating physician should be familiar with the presentation and management of pediatric hypertension. This review will serve to examine some of the important aspects of pediatric hypertensive urgencies and emergencies, including common causes, important features of diagnosis and options for medical management.