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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN NEONATOLOGY
Minerva Pediatrica 2008 April;60(2):177-82
Mechanical ventilatory support in preterm infants
Claure N., Bancalari E.
Division of Neonatology Department of Pediatrics University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA
A large proportion of premature infants presents with acute respiratory failure after birth and require mechanical ventilatory support. In addition to conventional mechanical ventilation, an increasing number of these infants are currently supported by newer modes including synchronized, volume targeted and noninvasive mechanical ventilation. While these new modes have improved weaning from mechanical ventilation they have not had a consistent impact on respiratory outcome or other morbidities. This is a review of the different modes of invasive and noninvasive mechanical ventilation used to support premature infants with respiratory failure.