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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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Minerva Pediatrica 2006 June;58(3):227-46

language: English

Menstrual disorders in adolescence

Rigon F. 1, Tatò L. 2, Tonini G. 3, Bernasconi S. 4, Bona G. 5, Bozzola E. 6, Buzi F. 7, De Sanctis C. 8, De Sanctis V. 9, Radetti G.10

1 Service of Pediatric and Adolescent Age Endocrinology Department of Pediatrics University of Padua, Padua, Italy
2 Department of Pediatrics University of Verona, Verona, Italy
3 Diabetology Center Burlo Garofolo Children’s Hospital, Trieste, Italy
4 Department of Pediatrics University of Parma, Parma, Italy
5 Department of Pediatrics University of Novara, Novara, Italy
6 Department of Pediatrics University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
7 Division of Pediatrics Hospital of Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy
8 Division of Pediatric Endocrinology Regina Margherita Hospital, Turin, Italy
9 Division of Pediatrics University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
10Department of Pediatrics University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy


Altered frequency of the menstrual cycle accompanied by pain are manifestations of functional anomalies of the female reproductive system. These symptoms require prompt and accurate diagnosis and therapy to prevent a chronic condition that can seriously disturb the adolescent’s psychic well being. The most common anomalies of the menstrual cycle and the causes of altered cycle frequency are outlined, as are useful criteria for diagnosing premenstrual syndrome dysmenorrhea and for distinguishing the causes and alterations in frequency and amount of menstrual discharge from other disturbances, including amenorrhea and abnormal uterine bleeding. The treatment of dysmenorrhea and quantitative alterations of the menstrual cycle is the focus of this article.

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