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Minerva Pediatrica 2005 April;57(2):91-104

language: Italian

Breastfeeding and health promotion of child: survey results in Molise region

Manfredi Selvaggi T. M., Santilli T., Palombi E., Vichi M., Di Nunzio M. L., Simeone R., Vendemiati A.


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Aim. The aim of this study is to compare initiation and duration rates of breastfeeding in Molise region (Italy) to those targeted from World Health Organization (WHO), and to examine factors associated with infant health.
Methods. Trained caregivers administered interviews to 430 mothers whose infants were receiving the 2nd dose of compulsory immunisation in 4 primary health care centers (ASL) of Molise region, during October-December 2001. Type of breastfeeding was classified as predominant or partial, according to the WHO definitions.
Results. The rate of breastfeeding initiation was 92%, dropping to 30% when infants were 6 months of age. We found strong differences among the 4 health care centers involved in the study. Lacking of support after discharge, non-brestfed previous child, receiving infant formulas, breastfeeding on schedule, rooming-in not effected at hospital, both maternal and familiar smoking, were significantly associated with early breastfeeding cessation. The rate of iodine supplemented salt consuming was 40%; the rate of mothers who knew the importance of using folic acid in preconceptional age was 19%; only 1/3 of infants (34%) was placed back to sleep.
Conclusion. Although we meet WHO goals regarding breastfeeding initiation, we don't about breasfeeding duration, yet. Moreover, the leading factors negatively linked to infant health, are not widely recognized. It is therefore necessary to promote the whole infant health, either supporting predominantly breastfeeding, especially in some ASL, or providing better knowledge about risk factors.

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