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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
Minerva Pediatrica 2003 April;55(2):157-62
Suicidal behaviour in young people. An epidemiological study in the Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province (years 1988-2000)
Torre E., Zeppegno P., Usai C., Rudoni M., Ammirata G., De Donatis O., Manzetti E., Marangon D., Miglia-retti G.
Background. The aim of the present study is to investigate the suicide and attempted suicide phenomenon among young people (<25 years old) in the Verbano-Cusio-Ossola province from January 1988 to December 2000.
Methods. This epidemiological-descriptive survey is based on the acquisition of data through the examination of model 45 registered at the Verbania Public Prosecutor's office. The data obtained were analysed with SPSS 8.0 software for Windows. The significance of the differences between the rates observed in our group and those observed in Italy in the same period was estimated by calculating SMR and SIR (Standardized Mortality Rates and Standardized Incidence Rates respectively).
Results. In the period considered in our study, 13 suicides and 62 attempted suicides were notified to the Court, with a rate of 2.55 and 12.18 per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively. The analysis of SMR and SIR points out that the incidence of suicide and attempted suicide among young people is higher in this province than in Italy. The most frequently used methods to commit suicide are hanging and carbon monoxide poisoning, while drug intoxication prevails in attempted suicide. The most common reasons are disagreements, followed by mental illness, psychosocial factors, loss of a relative and toxic dependence.
Conclusions. The present study means to provide a description of suicide behaviour among young people in a geographic and cultural context, in order to point out its problems and to provide useful information for the diagnosis and prevention.