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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
Minerva Pediatrica 2003 February;55(1):79-82
Prolonged hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in a small for date preterm
Pezzati M., Barni S., Chiti G., Danesi G., Rubaltelli F. F.
Hyperinsulinism is an important cause of hypoglycemia in early infancy. Many forms of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are described: transient, prolonged, persistent. Transient forms are well recognized in infants of diabetic mother; prolonged forms are responsible for the hypoglycemia in small-for-date (SGA) infants and asphyxiated newborns. Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia occurs in a group of congenital disorders associated with an abnormality of b-cell regulation throughout the pancreas. Accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential in all various forms of hyperinsulinism also because newborns are at high risk of permanent brain damage. We report a case of prolonged hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in a SGA preterm, immediately treated with a high dose of glucose and glucocorticoid and then with diazoxide. Hypoglycemia was continued until 2 months of age when it resolved spontaneously and completely.