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Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,532
Online ISSN 1827-1715
Pezzati M., Barni S., Chiti G., Danesi G., Rubaltelli F. F.
Hyperinsulinism is an important cause of hypoglycemia in early infancy. Many forms of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are described: transient, prolonged, persistent. Transient forms are well recognized in infants of diabetic mother; prolonged forms are responsible for the hypoglycemia in small-for-date (SGA) infants and asphyxiated newborns. Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia occurs in a group of congenital disorders associated with an abnormality of b-cell regulation throughout the pancreas. Accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential in all various forms of hyperinsulinism also because newborns are at high risk of permanent brain damage. We report a case of prolonged hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in a SGA preterm, immediately treated with a high dose of glucose and glucocorticoid and then with diazoxide. Hypoglycemia was continued until 2 months of age when it resolved spontaneously and completely.