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Online ISSN 1827-1707
Teles A. R. 1, Mattei T. A. 2
1 Neurosurgery Unit, Hospital São José, Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil;
2 Department of Neurosurgery, The Brain & Spine Center, Invision Health, Buffalo, NY, USA
Vertebral augmentation procedures are currently widely used for osteoporotic and cancer-related vertebral compression fractures refractory to medical treatment. Many aspects of these procedures have been extensively discussed in the literature and new evidences have been emerged from recent clinical trials. In this literature review, we perform a critical appraisal of current concepts and ongoing controversies regarding technical aspects, accepted indications and contraindications, clinical outcomes of vertebral augmentation procedures.