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Online ISSN 1827-1707
KNEE SPORTS MEDICINE
Wilk K. E 1,2., Macrina L. C. 1,2, Andrews J. R. 2,3
1 Physical Therapist, Champion Sports Medicine , Physiotherapy Associates, Birmingham, AL, USA
2 American Sports Medicine Institute, Birmingham, AL, USA
3 Orthopedic Surgeon, Andrews Sports Medicine and Orthopedic Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
The rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery has changed considerably in the last 15 years. Presently, the rehabilitation program emphasizes immediate weight-bearing and range of motion while progressively improving muscular strength, proprioception, dynamic stability, and neuromuscular control. The rehabilitation program should be based on scientific and clinical research and should focus on specific drills and exercises designed to return the patient to their desired functional goals. Unique rehabilitation techniques and special considerations for the female athlete and adolescent patient will also be discussed. The purpose of this article is to provide the reader with a thorough scientific basis for ACL rehabilitation based on graft selection, patient population and concomitant injuries.