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MINERVA ORTOPEDICA E TRAUMATOLOGICA

A Journal on Orthopedics and Traumatology


Official Journal of the Piedmontese-Ligurian-Lombard Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology
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Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica 2010 June;61(3):243-9

language: Italian

Prosthetic design and knee kinematics: relations and results

Martucci E. A., Trisolino G., Bracci G., Gozzi E.

Sezione di Chirurgia Ricostruttiva Articolare di Anca e Ginocchio, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italia


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The clinical outcome and survival of a prosthetic implant depends on several factors, such as surgical technique, materials’ quality and design of articular surfaces. The latter is specifically related to recent insights regarding articular kinematics. These showed that medial and lateral femoro-tibial compartments have a considerably different articular geometry. This leads to a flexion-extension movement (occurring about the trans-epicondylar axis) that is accompanied by a rotation around the vertical axis passing through the center of the medial tibial plate (tibial internal rotation) and a femoral condyle roll-back which is more prominent in the lateral compartment. It means that a medial-pivot mechanism is occurring, i.e., the convergence on the medial half of the knee between the lines connecting the medial and lateral condyle contact positions. A total knee arthroplasty that favors the medial-pivot mechanism must have an asymmetric surface of the tibial insert, so that the medial plate presents a high congruence with the femoral condyle to guarantee stability. On the contrary, the lateral plate must have a radius bigger than that of the lateral condyle to facilitate posterior roll-back and allow rotation movements between the components

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