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CURRENT ISSUEMINERVA ORTOPEDICA E TRAUMATOLOGICA

A Journal on Orthopedics and Traumatology

Official Journal of the Piedmontese-Ligurian-Lombard Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology
Indexed/Abtracted in: EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index

Ferquency: Quarterly

ISSN 0026-4911

Online ISSN 1827-1707

 

Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica 2010 April;61(2):115-22

CURRENT TRENDS AND CONTROVERSIES IN HIP DISORDERS - PART II 

    REVIEWS

Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis: coexistence of osteoporosis in patients with osteoarthritis

Glowacki J.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery,Brigham and Women's Hospital,Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP) are two age-related degenerative diseases previously believed to be mutually exclusive. OA is a painful, debilitating disease, while OP may be silent until the subject has a fragility fracture. Several studies of bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry report that between 20% to 29% of women and men with OA have occult OP, which increases their risk of fracture. Furthermore, BMD measurements of the femoral neck of a hip with OA may be elevated due to subchondral osteosclerosis and may not reflect the status of the contralateral hip or the general skeleton. Vitamin D-deficiency is common in patients with OA, with OP, or with both, and should be corrected in order to reduce progression of OA and risk of fracture. Patients with hip OA who appear to be at risk for occult OP are those with advanced age and lower body mass index and with radiographic evidence of thin cortices and osteopenia. Awareness of fracture risk in patients with OA may require paradigm shifts in multidisciplinary care of those patients.

language: English


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