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Online ISSN 1827-1707
Volin S. J., Arlet V.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis encompass a wide range of pathology that present the surgeon with just as many difficult questions. As our knowledge of these processes increases, so, too, do the options available for surgical intervention. A thorough understanding in the application of these interventions offers the surgeon the ability to treat the different pathologies and clinical presentations presented with. The purpose of this report is to review the indications for and technical descriptions of five of the most common surgical procedures utilized for the treatment of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. Included along with the common indications and contraindications are diagrams and clinical case examples of each of the described surgical procedures.