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A Journal on Ophthalmology
Minerva Oftalmologica 2012 September;54(3):109-13
Evaluation of visual function during a medical-sport fitness visit: relationship between visual system and athletic gesture in basketball players
Martello R. 1, Montorio D. 2, Breve M. A. 2, Valletta S. 2, Inverso M. 1, Iuzzolino G. 1, Marzullo M. 1
1 Servizio di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italia;
2 Dipartimento Assistenziale di Oftalmologia, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italia
AIM: The study points out how the reduction of disturbing factors of perceptual systems such as vision improves posture and load distribution, thus reducing accidents and injuries caused by overload, also optimizing athletic gesture in a sport like basketball where the vision has a fundamental role.
MWTHODS:The study was aimed to 24 basketball athletes aged between 15 and 19 years to which the fitness sports-medical visit has been associated to eye examination and orthoptic assessment. Basketball is a sport with medium-high cardiopulmonary and ocular focus commitment for the athletic-technical gesture, which provides a certain linearity and balance that is essential to the ability to assess the trajectory of the ball, using side vision and hand-eye coordination.
RESULTS: Clinical and sport analysis of results seen after one year of monitoring 10 of the 24 basketball players with obvious posture and ophthalmologic changes, subjected to visual training and correction with lenses, has confirmed that the removal or reduction of visual disturbing factors led to an initial postural alignment and a sensible improvement in technical-sport gesture, detected during the training, consequently optimizing also their sport performance that, in the case of basketball players, was expressed with a greater number of baskets both in training and in race.
CONCLUSION:The study has demonstrated the existence of a significant functional interaction between postural system and visual balance, two inseparable aspects as two mechanisms within a single perceptual process. For this purpose, during the visit of athletic sports fitness, which includes a careful postural assessment, it should be necessary also to use an eye examination and orthoptic assessment is to reduce the frequency of accidents for a better quality of athletic gesture.