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Morreale Bubella R. 1, Cacace S. 2, Plescia F. 2, Morreale Bubella D. 1, Lodato G. 1
¹ Sezione di Oftalmologia, Dipartimento di Neuroscienze Cliniche (DUNC), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italia;
² Dipartimento di Psicofarmacologia, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italia
AIM: The aim of this study was to appraise the degree of psychic uneasiness and anxiety in subjects who undergo surgical intervention of the cataract and the degree of satisfaction for the result of the intervention.
METHODS: A sample of 50 subjects (22 males and 28 females) has been evaluated before the intervention on the cataract: the level of anxiety was measure by means of the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scales T(HARS) and the degree of psychic uneasiness and psychopathological (phobia, somatization, depression) demonstrations by means of the test of psychic uneasiness-questionnaire IGD. The evaluation of the degree of satisfaction for the results of the intervention has been obtained by means of another questionnaire, VF-7.
RESULTS: Levels of anxiety have been underlined, both in preoperative and in the postoperative time, in younger women above all (40-60 years). The degree of satisfaction results elevated for all the examined activities.
CONCLUSION: A careful preoperative interview allows to reduce the anxiety related to the intervention to meaningless values and to increase the satisfaction of the patients.