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A Journal on Ophthalmology
Minerva Oftalmologica 1999 March;41(1):5-8
Clinical evaluation of orbito-palpebral malformations with special reference to the treatment of palpebral ptosis and epicanthus
Di Leo A., Cavallini M., Giovannini U. M., Baruffaldi Preis F. W., Colonna M. R.
Recently acquired statistics based on ISTAT data on congenital malformations show that the incidence of the latter ranges between 1.43-1.58% and that 0.21% of these malformations affect the cephalic extremity, 0.18% the limbs and 0.30% the genito-urinary system in 9000 children born in one year. Orbito-palpebral malformations are one of the major malformations concerning the cephalic extremity and in this study the authors describe their experience of surgical treatment in the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Grande, Milan. Orbito-palpebral malfor-mations sometimes cause problems of an aesthetic nature, but more often functional deficiencies. These malformations are often the symptom of more complicated syndromes affecting the maxillo-facial district (cranio-facial dysmorphisms) and other organs.