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Online ISSN 1827-1677
Magliona B., Corradi N., Masotti V.
Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche Biotecnologiche e Traslazionali Unità di Medicina Legale Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italia
The research regards homicide-suicide (dyadic death) autopsies which took place at the Unità di Medicina Legale in Parma from 2003 to 2012. Variables examinated in the analysis include age and sex of perpetrators and victims, type of weapon used, location of the homicide and results of toxicological investigation. The sex of offenders is predominantly male (M:F=4:1), and the victims were mostly female (M:F=2:5). Firearms were the predominant method of death in both homicides and suicides. Relationships between offender-victim and the psychodynamic determinants leading up the onset of homicides and suicides is then analyzed. Data where compared with the national and international scientific literature. The data emerging from the case histories were compared with those of autopsy cases of the same Unità di Medicina Legale relatively to the case of the murder-suicide in the period 1983-2002. The comparison has partially confirmed the data collected from the previous survey, presenting some differences with respect to the weapon used and the type of interpersonal relationship between perpetrator and victim. The degree of relationship most frequently affected is that of the parent-child relationship. In conclusion, it is shown that only the theoretical analysis of these phenomena can structure campaigns to reduce the rate of dangerousness and prevent this event.