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Online ISSN 1827-1677
Talarico A. 1, Gaudio R. M. 1, Righini F. 1, Barbieri S. 1,2, Brunaldi V. 1, Feltracco P. 2, Sanchioni R. 1, Vassallo T. 1, Pasetti A. 1, Ramacciato G. 1, Molinari M. E. 1, Mognato E. 1, Trevisiol P. 1, Avato F. M. 1
1 Laboratorio di Tossicologia Forense, Sezione di Medicina Forense, Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche e Terapie Avanzate, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italia
2 Dipartimento di Anestesia e Terapia Intensiva, Università di Padova, Padova, Italia
The present study aims at a retrospective analysis of data achieved from a survey on blood alcohol content. This survey has been carried out with the CG-HS analysis on blood samples coming from the ER of the S. Anna hospital and from other hospitals within the province of Ferrara after direct controls on the street (according to the former art. 186 of the Italian highway code), as well as on samples coming from a corpse survey by the Institute of Forensic Medicine and Insurances of the University of Ferrara on drivers (motorist, motorcyclist, trucker, cyclist) perished in mortal traffic accidents dating from January 2000 to December 2008. The cases have been analyzed according to these variables: gender, age, blood alcohol content, months and seasons of the year and the blood samples tested by GC-HS method.(Head space gas chromatography). As far as the deceases are concerned, 182 out of 620 cases (29%) have resulted alcohol-positive (blood alcohol concentration ≥0.5 g/L); the most representative sample is that of males (88%) compared to that of females (12%). The most involved age bracket is 18-37 years (64%), followed by 38-57 years (27,1%) and 58 years and older (9.3%). Within this period, the average blood alcohol content of the examined sample was 1.7% for males and 1.2% for females; the month in which deceases with positive blood alcohol content have occurred was August, and the season was spring. As concerns intoxications, 307 out of 566 cases (54.2%) were alcohol-positive (blood alcohol concentration ≥0.5 g/L). Males were the most representative sample (264, 85.9%) compared to females (43, 14.1%). The most represented age bracket was 18-37 (61%), followed by 38-57(31%), and finally ≥58 (8%). Within this period, the average blood alcohol content of the examined sample was 1.8% for males and 1.5% for females; the month in which most of the alcohol-related intoxications have occurred was May, and the season was spring. Acute intoxications and alcohol-related deaths, present a bigger percentage in males compared to females. In both samples, the most involved age bracket is 18-37 years. In the examined samples, the average blood alcohol content remain the same in the space of this study, and its value was three times as much as the lowest legal value (BAC ≥0.5 g/L).