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Online ISSN 1827-1677
Iorio M. 1, Navissano M. 2, Soltanzadeh J. 3
1 Dipartimento di Anatomia, Farmacologia e Medicina Legale Università degli Studi di Torino, Torino
2 Divisione di Chirurgia Plastica Generale Ospedale CTO, Torino
3 Scuola di Specializzazione in Chirurgia Plastica Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova
After having defined and classified the cutaneous aging process and the wrinkles that are a consequence of it, the authors present the notion of filler, its characteristics, injection techniques, implantation procedures, treatment evolution, contraindications and complications. Depending on the origin of the products (autogenic, allogenic, xenogenic, synthetic. an indication plan, technique, advantages and disadvantages for each product in use today is presented. The exquisitely surgical nature of filler treatment implies medico-legal observations on the information and choice of patients, on pre-operation consent and the related risks, and on the legal responsibility of the aesthetic surgeon in the event of failure or complications.