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A Journal on Forensic Medicine
FORENSIC DENTISTRY AND INSURANCE MEDICINE
Minerva Medicolegale 2001 June;121(2): 109-16
The dental surgery: definition, requisites, surveillance of the health departments
Marinelli E., Montanari Vergallo G. L., Zaami S.
The Ministry of Health has identified the dental surgery as a place intended for the practice of free profession, either on single or associated form, without any need for previous authorization. Legislative decree no. 502/92 confirmed this definition with the introduction of compulsory authorization in case of outpatient operation, that is any invasive intra-oral action executed in dental surgery, excluding dental extraction. The granting of authorization is subordinated to the possession of structural, technological and organizational requisites, such as: suitability of premises and staff to the type and quantity of services, natural lighting and ventilation, presence on the premises of at least one doctor responsible for therapeutical activities. Besides, the dentist and the dental technician must not share the same room, in order to ensure patients the highest level of safety and avoid any danger of illegal professional practice. Should any damage derive from lack of legal requisites, the professional may be charged with non-observance of law, rules, orders and regulations. Finally, legislative decree no. 502/92 entrusts the Regions and the Local Health Departments with the task of controlling service quality, especially in relation to accessibility, adequacy of equipment and techniques, waiting times and money consideration for agreed services.