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A Journal on Forensic Medicine
Minerva Medicolegale 2000 September;120(3): 177-82
Congenital toxoplasmosis, medical liability and medicolegal aspects. A case report
Cipolloni L., Ferrari De Stefano V. L., Gagliardi D., Cave Bondi G.
Based on a personal of unrecognised Toxoplasma gondii infection contracted during pregnancy and transmitted to the fetus, the authors briefly describe the methods of infection, the diagnostic and therapeutic protocols used in this country to limit contagion during pregnancy and the effects on the neonate in the event of congenital transmission. They illustrate the case in question, focusing on the phases of prenatal diagnosis and analysing the clinical procedure, the diagnostic lacunae and delayed treatment resulting in severe fetal malformations. The authors discuss the aspects of fetal biological damage to be attributed to ''jure proprio'' and the indirect damage attributed to the parents as a result of the severe pathology affecting the neonate. They also discuss the possibility of apportioning liability between the structure responsible for monitoring the pregnancy, the general practitioner and the scan operator who reported the presence of malformations during the course of pregnancy.