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A Journal on Forensic Medicine
Minerva Medicolegale 2000 June;120(2):93-108
Chemicals and chemical weapons. Antigas defence, methods of decontamination and destruction procedures
Garigliano-Candela R., Colucci A. P., Sicoli G.
Università degli Studi - Bari, Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Medicina Pubblica (DIMIMP), Sezione di Medicina Legale, Cattedra di Tossicologia Forense
Since the eighties the possession of chemical weapons was not submitted to an international legislation that restricted its production and possession. Only in January 1993 in Paris, the “Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction” has regulated the disposal of chemical weapons, distinguished in three category: “old chemical weapons” (which were produced before 1925 or deteriorated), “abandoned chemical weapons” (on the territory of another State without consent of the latter) and “agents to control public order”. A critical examination is made of operational technics for abandoned chemical weapons destruction and disposal (non-stockpiled), the treatment on field of associated explosive material and the environmental decontamination of their degradation products and also the decontamination of contaminated sites with technologies made ready by interested Countries.