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Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,236
Online ISSN 1827-1669
Andrea VIANELLO 1, Valeria BISOGNI 2, Claudia RINALDO 1, Federico GALLAN 1, Giuseppe MAIOLINO 2, Fausto BRACCIONI 1, Luca GUARDA-NARDINI 3, Beatrice MOLENA 1, Gian Paolo ROSSI 2, Rosario MARCHESE-RAGONA 4
1 Respiratory Pathophysiology Division, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University-City Hospital of Padova, Padova, Italy; 2 Hypertension Clinic, Department of Internal Medicine, University-City Hospital of Padova, Padova, Italy; 3 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, TMD Clinic, University of Padova, Padova, Italy; 4 Institute of Otorlaryngology, Department of Neurosciences, University-City Hospital of Padova, Padova, Italy
Affecting a large number of middle-aged, frequently overweight subjects, Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is the most common sleep related breathing disorder. Partial or complete upper airway (UA) collapse during sleep causing repeated apnoeic episodes, which is the leading pathophysiological mechanism underlying the disorder, results in arterial oxygen desaturation and recurrent arousals from sleep to re-establish airway patency. Untreated OSA is commonly associated with a range of adverse consequences, including cardiovascular complications, such as arterial and/or pulmonary hypertension, arrhythmias, stroke, as well as diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, and motor vehicle accidents. Evidence-based guidelines are presently available for the diagnosis and management of OSA, and a variety of updated testing and treatment procedures and devices including some that are able to identify the site and degree of airway obstruction are becoming increasingly available. As the ‘one size fits all’ approach falls to the wayside, a tailored personal therapeutic strategy is becoming increasingly popular in the field of sleep medicine. The aim of this review is to provide an overview for practicing clinicians on recent advances in the evaluation and management of obstructive sleep apnoea in adults.