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Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,236
Belcaro G., Gizzi G., Hu S., Dugall M., Pellegrini L., Cornelli U., Cesarone M. R., Trignani M., Maione C.
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Irvine3 Labs, Chieti-Pescara University, Spoltore, Pescara, Italy
Aim: The aim of this registry study was to evaluate the evolution of moderate functional hepatic failure (MTHF) using a proprietary new oak wood supplement (Robuvit®) extracted from Quercus Robur. Recent studies have indicated the protective effect of oak wood extracts on liver injury. Quercus wood extracts have shown hepatoprotective effect on initial induced liver-injury.
Methods: This registry included a total of 75 patients with MTHF characterized by: decreased albumin levels; increased total bilirubin, altered hepatic functions enzymes, increased oxidative stress, negative viral hepatitis markers.
Results: The two groups (best management in comparison with best management+ Robuvit®) were comparable: 32 Robuvit® patients and 29 comparable controls) completed the 12-week registry. At inclusion, the blood parameter values in the two groups were comparable. At the end of the supplementation period, the increase in albumin levels was significantly (P<0.05 at 12 weeks) faster and higher in the Robuvit® group. The decrease in ALT-SGPT and AST-ASAT was significant in the supplement group (P<0.05 at 4 and 12 weeks); the tests were normalized at 4 and 12 weeks. Controls remained out of the normal range for more than 12 weeks. Alkaline phosphatase was normalized at 4 and 12 weeks in Robuvit® patients; they were decreased, but not normalized in controls at 4 weeks (Robuvit® group’s values were significantly better; P<0.05). Values were normalized in controls (significantly higher in comparison with Robuvit®; P<0.05) at 12 weeks. Total bilirubin was normalized in Robuvit® subjects at 4 and 12 weeks. Results were significantly better in comparison with controls (P<0.05). Direct bilirubin values increased more in the Robuvit® group at 4 and 12 weeks (P<0.05). Gamma GT values were normalized at 4 and 12 weeks in the Robuvit® group. There was a less important decrease in controls (P<0.05) without normalization at 12 weeks. Plasma free radicals increased at inclusion showed a significant decrease in Robuvit® subject (at 4 and 12 weeks) with normalization at 12 weeks. Persisting, elevated values in controls were observed even at 12 weeks (P<0.05). ESR and CRP decreased in both groups with a more important decrease in the Robuvit® group (P<0.05). Hepatitis markers were negative when repeated at 4 and 12 weeks.
Conclusion: Data from this pilot, supplement registry study indicate a significant protective activity of Robuvit®, associated with a very good safety profile, in patients with temporary hepatic failure. The activity of Robuvit® seems to be mediated by its anti-inflammatory activity.