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Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,236
Online ISSN 1827-1669
Numeroso F. 1, Mossini G. 1, Montali F. 2, Lippi G. 3, Cervellin G. 1
1 Emergency Department, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy;
2 Clinical Governance, Risk Management, Quality and Accreditation, University Hospital of Parma;
3 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy
Aim: The aim of this paper was to assess short and long term prognostic value of the OESIL risk score (ORS), a risk stratification rule for syncope which consider abnormal ECG, age > 65, history of cardiovascular diseases, lack of prodromal symptoms to identify patients at higher risk of mortality (ORS≥2) to be admitted.
Methods: This is a prospective cohort study in which syncopal recurrences, readmission for other reasons, major therapeutic procedures, cardiovascular events, death for any reason, were assessed in a group of 200 syncopal patients at both 1 month and 1 year after discharge from an Emergency Department Observation Unit.
Results: Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that ORS ≥2 is not associated with any endpoint, except major procedures. Conversely, ORS≥3 was a strong predictor of at least 1 adverse event within 1 month and severe outcomes within 1 year, particularly for non-syncopal readmission (P<0.005), major procedures (P<0.002), cardiovascular events (P<0.023), and death for any cause (P<0.022).
Conclusion: Our patient group was significantly older than the ORS derivation cohort (72.4±15.1 vs. 59.5±24.3 yrs) and mostly above the age considered as 1 point in the ORS, so it is rather understandable that only a more restrictive cut-off might be advantageous for identifying high risk patients. On the evidence of a progressive ageing of patients presenting at the EDs, we suggest to use a ³3 ORS threshold when deciding for admission.