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Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,236
Online ISSN 1827-1669
Gallo A., Giovinale M., Fonnesu C., Covino M., Montalto M., Gasbarrini G.
Istituto di Medicina Interna, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italia
AIM: Management of functional dyspepsia is still controversial. Different controlled trials reported a superiority of prokinetics, H2-receptor antagonists and proton-pump inhibitors over placebo; nevertheless, symptomatic improvement after therapy is often incomplete and some of these drugs possess serious side effects. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new medical device in respect to domperidone in patients with functional dyspepsia.
METHODS: In a cross-over, randomized trial, 36 patients with functional dyspepsia ingested two daily doses of a medical device (Digerfast) or domperidone (Peridon) for 21 days. Clinical evaluation was performed at baseline (T0) and after 21 days (T1) for each treatment. A Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the generic scale 36-item Short Form (SF-36) were used to assess symptom intensity and changes in health-related quality of life, respectively.
RESULTS: At T0 no statistical difference was found for each symptom between medical device and domperidone. At T1 both treatments significantly improved in respect to baseline values all the evaluated gastrointestinal symptoms (P<0.5 for all comparisons) except for vomiting. No difference in gastrointestinal symptoms between the two treatments was found at T1. Regarding SF-36 evaluation, at T0 no statistical differences were found for each SF-36 parameter between the two regimens. At T1 both treatments significantly improved most of the evaluated SF-36 parameters in respect to baseline values. No difference in SF-36 parameters between the two treatments was found at T1.
CONCLUSION: Both the medical device and domperidone significantly improved gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life in subjects with functional dyspepsia, not showing significant difference in efficacy.