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A Journal on Internal Medicine

Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,236

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 0026-4806

Online ISSN 1827-1669


Minerva Medica 2009 December;100(6):467-78



Viral infections in exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Contoli M., Marku B., Conti V., Saturni S., Caramori G., Papi A.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Research Centre on Asthma and COPD, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

Respiratory viral infections are recognized as the most frequent cause of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations with rhinovirus (i.e. the virus of the common cold) being the most frequent identified virus. The recent development of human experimental models of rhinovirus-induced asthma and COPD exacerbations represent innovative tools with the potential to increase our understanding in this field. Moreover this models will provide the opportunity to test, in a carefully controlled setting, novel pharmacological compounds. In this review we will provide an overview of the role of viral infections in asthma and COPD exacerbations and in particular we will summarize the inflammatory and immunological mechanisms that can pave the way to exacerbation following respiratory viral infection in these patients.

language: English


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