Total amount: € 0,00
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,236
Online ISSN 1827-1669
Tamiolakis D. 1, Venizelos J. 2, Jivanakis T. 3, Antoniou C. 4, Economou C. 4, Tsiminikakis N. 4, Georgiou G. 5, Alexiadis G. 1, Costopoulou A. 5
1 Department of Cytology Regional Hospital of Chania Crete, Greece
2 Department of Pathology Hippokration General Hospital of Salonica Salonica, Greece
3 Department of Pathology Regional Hospital of Drama Drama, Greece
4 Department of Surgery Regional Hospital of Chania Crete, Greece
5 Department of Pathology Regional Hospital of Chania Crete, Greece
Aim. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has revolutionized lymph node staging in patients with malignant melanoma. Intraoperative evaluation is a new addition to the SLN procedure that allows for a one-step regional lymph node dissection to be performed when the SLN biopsy findings are positive. The discriminatory immunostaining pattern with the S-100 and HMB45 monoclonal antibodies allows intraoperative immunocytochemical evaluation of imprint smears of SLNs for melanoma metastases.
Methods. One hundred twenty eight SLNs from a cohort of 52 patient-cases that had been identified using sulfur colloid as a radioactive tracer and isosulfan blue were bisected for rapid Diff-Quick stained touch preparations. Intraopera-tive evaluation of sentinel node status by imprint cytology was correlated with the histopathological results of permanent sections. Tumor-negative nodes in routine paraffin sections were further investigated with the employment of the S-100 and HMB45 antibodies.
Results. Thirty-six of all SLNs harbored metastases in paraffin sections, from which 32 were identified by imprint cytology (sensitivity 88.8%). Three SLNs were positive by imprint cytology and negative by histopathology of paraffin sections. Comparison of the results of the touch preparations with the final histopathology (hematoxylin-eosin and S-100/ HMB45 stains) demonstrated a sensitivity of 83.3% and a negative predictive value of 92.5%. The specificity and positive predictive value were 100% respectively.
Conclusion. Touch imprint cytology is potentially useful for intraoperative evaluation of SLNs in malignant melanoma patients. Results can be improved if the surface sampled is appropriately enlarged and a rapid immunohistochemical S-100/HMB45 stain on the imprints is utilized.