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A Journal on Internal Medicine
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,236
Minerva Medica 2007 June;98(3):167-73
Analysis of type 2 diabetes disease management: cross-study of a sanitary district
Colucci A., Magliocco A., Aiala M. R., Bua A., Allegra G., Pomara F., Mira A.
Dipartimento Osservatorio Epidemiologico Assessorato della Sanità Regione Siciliana Palermo
Aim. We studied type 2 diabetes prevalence in the Sicilian country, and the disease management, trough the analysis of some indicators.
Methods. A cohort of 385 subjects with type 2 diabetes was selected in a sanitary district. Anamnestic, anthropometric, pharmacological data were recorded by a self-controlled software (Gipac-2). We used Student’s t-test for statistical data analysis.
Results. The cohort of diabetic people represents 3.97% of the studied population in toto, 206 women and 179 men: only 2/3 of the studied people followed the therapeutic indications, using prevalently oral hypoglycemic therapy, with poor agreement to specialised centres for diabetes. Hypertension was present in 52.51% of men, in 68.21% of women; most of 50% of people, men and women, showed an obesity/overweight condition. The observations of eventual diabetes complications (eye, foot etc.) was poor by doctors: a 1/3 of patients had diabetes complications undefined. The disease management analysis showed the use of antiplatelet-adhesion drugs involved a half of the studied people; 55-60% of people agreed to diet restriction, no sex-related; the self-control of glucose blood value was present in 65-70% of subjects. The indicators analysis showed that only 40% of men and women performed a HbA1C measurement; 40-50% of people did not control blood pressure in 90 days, 65% did not perform a LDL measurement in one year, more than 70% did not perform a fundus oculi check up.
Conclusion. The study confirms the incidence of diabetes similar to national and European standards. The disease management appears lacunose in half of the population, the use of indicators is limited; guidelines on chronic disease management and on prevention of complications are partially applied. The use of sensitization strategies of sanitary operators, trough formation periods, is very important in order to implement the chronic disease management.