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Minerva Medica 2002 August;93(4):275-86

language: Italian

Cardiovascular prevention: new biochemical plasmatic markers of risk

Camici M., Sagripanti A.


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The primary prevention of acute coronary syndromes is an open question. The scientific progress has discovered new biochemical markers of cardiovascular disease risk that may be useful for primary prevention. They are plasmatic markers of inflammation (serum amyloid A, C-reactive protein, phospholipase A2) and of infection (seropositivity to Chlamydia pneumoniae, cytomegalovirus). They are plasmatic markers of endothelial activation (adhesion molecules such as ICAM-1, VCAM-1) immunological markers (autoantibodies against oxydized LDL, hemostatic markers (TFPI, PAI-1) and metabolic indices (Lpa, homocystein). A gap is evident between the scientific progress in the knowledge of the epidemiology of cardiovascular pathology and its application in clinical practice. The priority should become the population approach to primary prevention: the rapidly changing and complex global context presents new challenges for public health practitioners struggling to implement preventive policies and programmes. New risk factors of cardiovascular disease have been pointed out by research. This study shows the situation on the topic with critique and updated analysis.

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