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A Journal on Internal Medicine

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Minerva Medica 2000 March-April;91(3-4):69-72

language: Italian

Histiocytic necrotising lymphadenitis or Kiku-chi-Fujimoto disease. Description of a case

Arcidiacono G., Conticello A., Privitelli L., Saccone C., Laurenti A., Legname V., Di Mauro C.


Histiocytic Necrotising Lymphadenitis by Kikuchi-Fujimoto (NHL) is a rare disease of unknown etiopathogenesis, characterized by cervical lymphadenomegaly, fever and asthenia. It has a good prognosis with a complete functional recovery of the affected lymphnodes. In 1998 a 28 year-old patient (A. G.) was admitted in the Department of Internal Medicine, Garibaldi Hospital, Catania for fever, asthenia and cervical lymphadenopathy. Hemato-chemical tests performed during hospitalization showed only relative leukopenia and a significant increase of ESR. An initial cervical lymphnode biopsy made the diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, the favourable clinical course and the normalization of the previous altered hematochemical tests, induced to perform a second lymph node biopsy which led to diagnosis of NHL. The patient was given antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs for ten days with a complete healing which persisted at a twelve-month follow-up. The conclusion is drawn that NHL of unknown etiopathogenesis and with a good prognosis is more frequent than what revealed by the data in the literature because of its insidious and aspecific clinical presentation.

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