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A Journal on Internal Medicine

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Minerva Medica 2000 January-February;91(1-2):31-8

language: Italian

Takayasu's arteritis

Parisi G., Gobbini A. R., Vedovini G., Castro R., Campanella G., Biagi P.


A brief review of Takayasu's Arteritis (TA), a chronic granulomatous arteritis that mainly affects the aorta and its major branches, is made. The various ethiopathogenetic mechanisms which may give origin to the vascular damage and its pathologic pattern are described. TA is a more widespread disease than previously stated, it is not exclusive of young women of Japanese origin but it is actually present worldwide irrespective of age and with variegated patterns of clinical and angiographic presentation. However, two main forms may be identified: the Japanese form in which prevales the aortic arch involvement and the Indian form in which vasculitis is present in abdominal aorta and its branches (above all the renal arteries) with an upright extension to the thoracic aorta and a protean clinical picture with a more systemic spectrum. The new clinical and angiographic criteria for TA definition are reviewed and stressed.

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