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A Journal on Internal Medicine
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,236
Minerva Medica 1999 January-February;90(1-2):7-14
Results of a survey among hospital doctors on the primary prevention of venous thromboembolism
Greco F., Bisignani G., Serafini O., Plastina F.
Background. The purpose of this study was to analyse the attitudes towards and knowledge of primary prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among hospital doctors in Calabria. Methods. The survey was based on theoretical knowledge and practical management of hortopedics, surgeons, ginecologists and internists working in 14 hospitals. Results. Out of a total of 340 physicians contacted, 154 (45%) agreed to take part in the survey. 82% of those who responded used VTE prophylaxis on a routine basis. Unfractioned heparin (71%) was the most frequently used methods; early deambulation (55%), low molecular weight heparin (49%) and elastic stocking (49%) were less frequently employed. Surprisingly, one third used aspirin. 75% of those contacted had modified their approach to prevention during the last few years, in particular owing to improvements in pharmacological therapy and increased awareness of the problem. In the survey of clinical practice, 80% of those who took part correctly identified the VTE risk, 86% suggested the best treatment, but only 27% assessed the exact frequency rate of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in the absence of prophylaxis. Conclusions. Most of the doctors contacted showed scant interest in the primary prevention of VTE. The 45% who agreed to be interviewed revealed a good practical approach but were not sufficiently aware of the real incidence of DVT and PE in a clinical risk context without prophylaxis. Although they must be interpreted with caution, these findings allow the real behaviour of hospital physicians in this region to be assessed with regard to the primary prevention of VTE and suggest the need for more correct information about this aspect of venous thromboembolic disease which is not yet sufficiently well known.