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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Annie S. LEUNG, Michael H. DAHAN
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University Health Centre, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montréal, Canada
The treatment of minimal or mild endometriosis prior to non-in-vitro fertilization (IVF) assisted reproduction to improve pregnancy outcomes is controversial. Ovulation suppression may be offered to women who do not wish to conceive to suppress advancement of the disease. There is little evidence to suggest improvements in fertility associated ovarian suppression prior to non-IVF infertility treatments. The use of intrauterine insemination without ovulation induction offers little benefit, with low pregnancy rates in most studies. Surgical ablation seems to improve outcomes when other care will not be delivered. Although controversial, surgical ablation before ovulation induction may offer benefit but further studies would be helpful. Ovulation induction seems to increase pregnancy rates and either letrozole or clomiphene citrate should be considered as first line options. If pregnancy does not occur with three months of ovulation induction, based on dropping success rates with further cycles of ovarian stimulation, IVF should be offered.