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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
HYSTEROSCOPY: CURRENT KNOWLEDGE AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
Stefano ANGIONI 1, Alessandro PONTIS 1, Luigi NAPPI 2, Federica SEDDA 1, Felice SORRENTINO 2, Pietro LITTA 3, Sergio HAIMOVICH 4, Gian B. MELIS 1
1 Department of Surgical Sciences, Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy; 2 Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy; 3 Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, University of Padua, Padua, Italy; 4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital del Mar, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial ablation is a procedure that surgically destroys (ablates) the lining of the uterus (endometrium). The goal of endometrial ablation is to reduce menstrual flow. In some women, menstrual flow may stop completely. In some cases, endometrial ablation may be an alternative to hysterectomy. There are several techniques used to perform endometrial ablation, including electrical or electrocautery ablation, in which an electric current travels through a wire loop or rollerball is applied to the endometrial lining to cauterize the tissue; hydrothermal ablation, in which heated fluid is pumped into the uterus and destroys the endometrial lining via high temperatures; balloon therapy ablation, in which a balloon at the end of a catheter is inserted into the uterus and filled with fluid, which is then heated to the point that the endometrial tissues are eroded away; radiofrequency ablation in which a triangular mesh electrode is expanded to fill the uterine cavity, at which point the electrode delivers an electrical current and destroys the endometrial lining; cryoablation (freezing), in which a probe uses extremely low temperatures to freeze and destroy the endometrial tissues; and microwave ablation, in which microwave energy is delivered through a slender probe inserted into the uterus and destroys the endometrial lining.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of endometrial ablation performed with first- and second-generation techniques. A literature search in PubMed from January 2000 to September 2015 was performed using the keywords endometrial ablation, menorrhagia, and heavy menstrual bleeding. Results were restricted to systematic reviews, randomized control trials (RCT)/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies written in English from January 2000 to September 2015.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: There is no evidence that either broad category is more effective than the other in reducing HMB, and there is no evidence that rates of satisfaction differ significantly.
CONCLUSIONS: The overall results of the presented studies suggest that endometrial ablation is an effective therapy for menorrhagia in women with bleeding disorders.