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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Ginecologica 2016 April;68(2):106-9
Delivery after external cephalic version, is there an increased rate of cesarian section?
Victor LAGO LEAL, Tamara PRADILLO ARAMENDI, Estefania NICOLAS MONTERO, Vanesa OCAÑA MARTÍNEZ, Pablo DEL BARRIO FERNÁNDEZ, Luis MARTÍNEZ-CORTÉS
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Getafe, Madrid, Spain
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the obstetric outcomes after successful external cephalic version (cases) with a group of pregnant women with a spontaneous cephalic fetal position at delivery (controls).
METHODS: Retrospective review of the cohort of study was performed at the University Hospital of Getafe (Madrid, Spain) between January 2012 and January 2013. Sample population: 1516 patients (48 cases; 1468 controls). We compared the type of delivery in pregnant women after ECV performed successfully (cases) with spontaneous cephalic presentations (controls). Pregnancies with vaginal delivery contraindicated, elective cesarean section (CS) justified by maternal disease, multiple pregnancies, or pregnancies below 37 weeks were excluded.
Maternal age, BMI, parity, gestational age at delivery, and onset of labor (spontaneous or induced) were controlled.
RESULTS: Prevalence of CS and operative delivery in both groups. Women who underwent a successful ECV had a significantly higher CS rate compared with the women of the control group (12/48 [25%] vs. 202/1468 [13.76%]; P=0.028). There was no difference in the rate of operative delivery (6/48 [12.5%] vs. 177/1468 [12.05%] P=0.92).
CONCLUSIONS: Deliveries following a successful ECV are associated with an increased CS rate compared with deliveries of fetuses with spontaneous cephalic presentations.