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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
Paganotto M. C. 1, Amadori L. 1, Di Donato N. 1, Mauloni M. 2, Busacchi P. 1
1 Department of Gynecology and Pathophysiology of Human Reproduction, Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy;
2 Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Aim: The aim of this paper was to assess the feasibility and utility of adding a preventive trans obturatory tape (TOT) during the same intervention for anterior prolapse repair, in patients with masked urinary incontinence and massive cystocele.
Methods: A retrospective trial was conducted in a Tertiary care University Hospital. Ninety-nine women with a massive cystocele (Ba ≥2 cm of pelvic organ prolapse quantification) and an occult stress urinary incontinence were recruited from 2004 to 2010: 53 women were subjected to an anterior fascial reconstruction alone while 46 underwent the same intervention with the addition of TOT. Patients were also asked to rate their overall quality of life, using the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire-Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Quality Of Life (ICIQ-LUTSqol). All patients were assessed at one, six, twelve and twenty-four months of follow-up. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 15.0 software; SPSS inc., Chicago IL, USA was performed using the Chi-square test with Fisher’s post-hoc correction.
Results: At 24 month follow-up the rate of appearance of stress urinary incontinence at the urogynecological examination, was higher in the group without TOT (81% vs. 19%, P=0.004). In terms of overall quality of life, significantly higher rates of satisfaction have been reported by the group treated with additional TOT (P=0.006).
Conclusion: The addition of TOT during the anterior prolapse correction seems to give a greater durability to the correction, resulting, in the long term, in a lower rate of urinary symptoms onset (first latency) and in a better quality of life compared to the traditional anterior colporrhaphy alone.