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Bedoschi G. 1, 2, Turan V. 1, 2, Oktay K. 1, 2
1 Laboratory of Molecular Reproduction and Fertility Preservation, Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA;
2 Institute for Reproductive Medicine and Fertility Preservation, Rye, NY, USA
Endometriosis is a common, chronic condition in reproductive age women. Although some women may be asymptomatic, most women present with dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, pelvic pain and/or infertility. Despite the fact that a causal relationship between endometriosis and infertility has not been clearly established, the fecundity rate of untreated women with endometriosis is lower than normal couples. However, suppressive medical therapy for endometriosis has not been shown to improve fecundity rates and may only result in a delay in the use of more effective treatments to achieve pregnancy. In the other hand, surgery for severe endometriosis can be useful to treat infertile women, but several studies reported a lower ovarian reserve after excision of ovarian endometriomas, due to incidental excision of normal ovarian tissue together with the endometrioma wall. Therefore, fertility preservation procedures should be considered to reproductive-age women at risk of impaired fertility related to endometriosis progression or endometriosis surgical treatment. The purpose of this document was to review the current literature regarding fertility preservation techniques for patients diagnosed with endometriosis.